Electric heavy-duty vehicles for waste collection, street cleaning and maintenance

Waste collection, street cleaning, and maintenance vehicles are used on a daily basis in urban areas and most public authorities are looking at changing their city fleet towards electric in the short term. However, the market is not offering a wide array of electric heavy-duty vehicles and prices remain high with a lower level of performance. Charging infrastructures for those types of vehicles is also a crucial part of their development and implementation. Please kindly note that this Working Group completed its work in November 2022,

Focus of the Working Group

  • Electric waste collection vehicles ⇒ both heavy and smaller vehicles  for door to door collection

  • Electric street cleaning vehicles and sweepers

  • Their recharging infrastructure

working group ActivitIes

Online Workshop ”Zero emission heavy-duty waste collection vehicles . Market gaps and collaboration to advance on innovation

   October 2022

On 27 October, the ENTRANCE project and Big Buyers initiative organised an online workshop aiming to elaborate on the market analysis of zero-emission waste collection vehicles to advance and uptake the innovation for reducing emissions and congestion in cities. This workshop focused on discussing the current market gaps that are preventing the wider European uptake and collaboration to advance innovation.

Antonio Invito, analyst PNO Consultants, presented the market analysis on the available zero-emission waste collection vehicles in the market which is available on the ENTRANCE platform. Jeanett Bolther, Senior Innovation Consultant at PNO who leads the ENTRANCE project, participated in this event presenting funding opportunities to achieve the implementation of zero-emission waste collection vehicles for urban services.

The event also counted on the participation of two successful Big Buyers examples on the implementation of these vehicles in Rotterdam (Richard Brabers) and Gothenburg (Peter Årnes), the participation of Wouter Ijzemans (BEPA), and the co-organisation and participation of Big Buyers represented by Anja de Cunto, who presented the market gaps identified by Big Buyers to speed up the roll-out of heavy-duty electric vocational machineries.

Read more

Webinar - Moving fast: how to procure zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles

   September 2022

We need zero emission solutions to be adopted with speed, and at scale. Public procurement plays a key role in ensuring that zero emission solutions are developed and adopted, while also contributing to an increased demand for zero emission heavy-duty vehicles.
How can governments and businesses cooperate to speed up public procurement and accelerate the adoption of heavy-duty vehicles? 
In this webinar we'll look at how governments and businesses can work together to procure zero emission heavy-duty vehicles. We'll explore mechanisms to deliver fast procurement, and discuss some of the obstacles in the way. 

Register here

Market Dialogue with Ballard & Arcola Energy

   October 2021

Among the many challenges related to deploying electric waste collection trucks in European cities are the recharging infrastructures.

Many solutions are currently available on the markets, but not all fits the different needs of European cities.

Representatives from Ballards presented to Big Buyers their fuel cell technology and the advantages it poses over Diesel and other battery solutions, particularly in challenging environments, for example related to heavy snow.

Total ownership and maintenance costs were also discussed.

Upcoming solutions in relation to zero emissions machineries were also discussed as a new activities the company will be working on.

More information on Zero Emission Fuel Cell Electric Refuse Collection Vehicles can be found here.

Big Buyers group meets with German company BPW

   March 2022

BPW will soon release 'BAX', a new electric vehicle truck, on the market. This is going to be one of the first vehicles on the market in this weight category and with this level of performance.  BBW and the Big Buyers discussed this new vehicle, focusing on battery size, its guarantee and transport capacity, as well as on the maintenance and service network provided across Europe, one of the main challenges for buyers who do not have in house capacity for electric vehicles maintenance.  

The vehicle is particularly interesting for inner-city and historical city centers use where waste collection can be more challenging due to the size of the streets. 

Market Dialogue with Addax Motors

   13 September 2021

Website - Addax's electric fleet

After two market dialogues in June 2021, the working group on Heavy duty electric vehicles hosted a third market dialogue on 13 September 2021 with Addax Motors.

The company introduced its electric line of heavy duty vehicles, with an emphasis on its four selling points: modularity, user comfort, last-mile delivery expertise, and enhanced after-sales and maintenance.

The participants had the chance to ask questions afterwards.

Past activities in this working group here.



A report on key takeaways from the collaboration between the cities involved in the working group

Download the report



A report on the market gaps for the roll-out of heavy duty electric vehicles in European cities

Download the Report


related resources

  • Key takeaways from the previous Big Buyers Initiative working group, find here.
  • A press release on the future electric vehicle purchasing plans from the cities in the previous working group, find here.
  • A list of some of the heavy-duty electric vehicles available on the market (feel free to add!), find here.
Decarbonization of heavy-duty vehicles in EU


The Stockholm Environment Institute developed the report "Accelerating to zero - Speeding up the decarbonization of heavy-duty vehicles in the EU" analying the current status and outlook for decarbonization of the heavy-duty vehicle sector in the EU. The authors focus on developments over the coming 10 years, and how much the sector’s emissions could be reduced through energy efficiency improvements, electrification, and increased biofuel deployment.


Objectives of the working group

  • Mapping of upcoming procurement plans and values of involved entities

  • Organise market dialogues

  • Compare pilots projects

  • Comparison and/or creation of standardised tender criteria for E-HDV acquisition

  • Support knowledge on funding and financing options for e-vehicles

  • Discuss implications and challenges from the EU - Clean Vehicle Directive

Added Value

  • Accelerating acquisition of electric vehicles, to achieve zero emissions vehicle fleets in cities by 2030

  • Support market options availability for EU peripheral regions

  • Support R&D efforts of suppliers by further understanding entities‘ current and future needs.








LIPASAM (Sevilla)


Dataport A.ö.R (Hamburg)



Who is involved?



TU Berlin

Contact us


Anja De Cunto, Anja.DeCunto@eurocities.eu

ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability

Rafael Hirt,









Belgian Post


ESMASA (Alcorcón -Madrid)